Tag Archives: History

Democratic Candidates Respond To Pete Buttigieg Dropping Out of the Primary Race

Democratic Candidates Respond To Pete Buttigieg Dropping Out of the Primary Race

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Image may contain: 1 person, possible text that says 'Tom Steyer TomSteyer 18m @PeteButtigieg brought a fresh perspective and sense of optimism to the race. His call for inclusivity is laudable. As the first openly gay candidate to mount a major bid, he has proven we aren't limited by who who we love. #MayorPete has a a bright future and will help us #WinTheEra.'

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Image may contain: 1 person, possible text that says 'Cory Booker @CoryBooker 3m continue to be grateful for the groundbreaking, historical campaign of @PeteButtigieg. Thank you for the grit, grace and commitment to country you so brilliantly displayed in your run. You have made this nation better.'

Image may contain: 1 person, possible text that says 'Amy Klobuchar @amyklobuchar Follow Pete Buttigieg has run an inspiring and historic campaign. have so much respect for you @PeteButtigieg and know there are great things ahead. And both John and I are big fans of Chasten! 7:56 PM PM 1 Mar 2020 476 Retweets 4,715 Likes'

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CORRECTION: Earlier today we posted that Bernie Sanders did not comment directly on Pete’s historic campaign ending. Sanders did indeed comment on Twitter and tried to entice Buttigieg’s supporters to join his campaign. All in the same post.

Image may contain: 1 person, smiling, possible text that says 'Bernie Sanders @BernieSan... 17h I want to congratulate @PeteButtigieg for running a strong and historic campaign, and to welcome all of his supporters into our movement. urge them to join us in the fight for real change in this country. 4,796 11.7K 135K'

Today in Gay - June 1st. 2018: Happy PRIDE Month!

June 1, 2019: Happy PRIDE Month!

PRIDE Month is celebrated each year in the month of June to honor the 1969 Stonewall riots in Manhattan. As many know the Stonewall riots were a tipping point for the Gay Liberation Movement in the United States and this year is the 50th. Anniversary of the historic event.

In the United States the last Sunday in June was initially celebrated as “Gay Pride Day,” but the actual day was flexible. In major cities across the nation the “day” soon grew to encompass a month-long series of events. Today, celebrations include pride parades, picnics, parties, workshops, symposia and concerts, and LGBT Pride Month events attract millions of participants around the world. Memorials are held during this month for those members of the community who have been lost to hate crimes or HIV/AIDS. The purpose of the commemorative month is to recognize the impact that gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals have had on history locally, nationally, and internationally.

All month long we will be spotlighting individuals, groups, events,movies, contests and of course our usual dose of gay history to celebrate being out, proud, and FABULASH!


Bisexuals Accuse Rami Malek of "Bierasure" for Calling Freddy Mercury Gay, Which He Was.

Bisexuals Accuse Rami Malek of “Bierasure” for Calling Freddy Mercury Gay, Which He Was.

Last night Rami Malek won the Best Actor award for his role as Freddie Mercury in the biopic Bohemian Rhapsody. But today he is dealing with some testy bisexual social justice warriors who are accusing him of “bi-erasure” for calling Freddie Mercury “gay”, despite the fact that he really was.

After thanking his parents, the Academy, the cast of the movie and Queen, Rami stated: “We made a film about a gay man, an immigrant who lived his life unapologetically himself and the fact that I’m celebrating him and this story with you tonight is proof that we’re longing for stories like this”.

Well that did not sit well with many bi-sexual activists who insists that a gay man who slept with a woman once is automatically bi-sexual. If that was true and every gay man who slept with a woman was to be considered “bisexual”, there would be very few “gay” men. Particularly in the era that Mercury came from.

Bisexual and gay is not the same thing. Put some respect on Freddie’s identity. #Oscars

— Raquel Willis (@RaquelWillis_) February 25, 2019

rami malek got an academy award for playing freddie mercury but doesn’t know him well enough to know that he was bisexual and not gay, ok.

— ✨ɯɐɥɓuıuunɔ uıɹǝʞ✨ ECCC Q9 (@KerinCunningham)February 25, 2019

I cannot think of a more poignant example of bi erasure than the actor who said the words “I think I’m bisexual” on screen calling Freddie Mercury gay in his Oscars acceptance speech.

— Bryce Hammer (@BryceHammmmer) February 25, 2019

I really don’t need Rami Malek stans down my throat, BUT FREDDIE WAS BISEXUAL AND BRIAN SINGER IS A CHILD MOLESTER.

— ❄️Ashley J. Leckwold❄️ (@misskittyf) February 25, 2019

Faith Cheltenham3 hrs · 

Sad face at the continued #bierasure of Bohemian Rhapsody. Ain’t an accident. And yall know he had relationshipS with women right? More than one woman he loved and loved him too…

So was Freddie Mercury really gay?  The answer is YES.

Despite having a long-term relation with Mary Austin, who broke up with Mercury mostly for the reason she thought he was indeed gay.  People must remember that during Freddie Mercury’s life, the wider world didn’t accept gay men. Born in 1946, he grew up at a time when same-sex attraction was considered a mental illness, a tragedy, a joke, or some combination of the three. Mercury’s Parsee parents practiced Zoroastrianism, a religion that saw being gay as a type of demon worship. And while Mercury remained close to his family throughout his life, he never discussed his sexuality with them.

Freddie Mercury was seeing men, many men, both while he and Mary Austin were together and after ending their sexual relationship. These men included record executive Paul Prenter, David Minns, chef Joe Fanelli, DHL courier Tony Bastin, German restaurateur Winfried “Winnie” Kirchberger, and Jim Hutton, who was with him until Mercury’s death in 1991.

Freddie Mercury never denied being gay, he downplayed it because 1. Homophobia/Safety concerns and 2. He did not want it over-shadowing his work as a musician which at that time would have been career suicide for the band. But later in his life Freddy stated more than once that he was “gay as a daffodil”

Just because a gay man has a relationship with a woman does not make him bi-sexual. Especially in the 1980’s and 1990’s where being ‘bisexual” which was more accepted than being homosexual was just the first stop for many on the “gay train”.

Some people are gay. Even Freddie Mercury. Get Over It.

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Museum Acquires Men's Room ‘Glory Hole’ For Possible Exhibit

Prestigious Museum Acquires Men’s Room ‘Glory Hole’ For Possible Exhibit

The Western Australia Museum in Perth, recently acquired a Gosnell’s train station toilet door with a “glory hole” and the possible exhibit piece is causing much excitement in the land down-under.

The donated “piece” was used by gay men in the Perth for covert sex at a time when homosexuality in WA was illegal.

Western Australia Museum’s chief executive Alec Coles said it was an appropriate piece to acquire because public museums needed to represent every aspect of society.

“Clearly the gay community is a very important part of Perth’s society,” he said.

“We often talk about museums as safe places for unsafe ideas.

“The places you can explore topics that are maybe controversial, sometimes contentious, sometimes even confrontational, but the kind of places they can be explored in a responsible and measured way and hopefully without rancor.”

The door was donated by Perth man Neil Buckley who saved it from destruction when the building it was in was set for redevelopment in 1998.

But not everyone is excited with the glory hole being on public display.

Tony Krsticevic, a member of of the Western Australian Parliament, says he doesn’t think it’s a “suitable exhibit” for young people.

“While it is appropriate for the WA Museum to chronicle the rich and proud LGBTI community as a significant element in the State’s history,” he says, “such an object is too tacky for display at what will be such a great new venue.”

He adds, “I’m not sure it is a suitable exhibit to be seen by school-children who will flock to the new WA Museum when it is completed

Mr Buckley said he did not think there should be a content warning for museum patrons if the door was exhibited.

“It would depend on how it is presented, I would like to think we would always be sensitive,” he said.

“We are representing diverse views of many people and diverse views of people who may be offended … and we take that into account as well.”

Culture and Arts Minister David Templeman said it was the role of WAM to document the stories of the WA’s diverse communities and preserve them for future generations.

National Memorial for Peace and Justice Opens In Alabama Dedicated To Victims of White Supremacy

National Memorial for Peace and Justice Opens In Alabama Dedicated To Victims of White Supremacy

The National Memorial for Peace and Justice opened this week on the site of a former slave pen in Montgomery, Alabama, where black people were once imprisoned before being sold at auction..The Museum is dedicated to the victims of American white supremacy. And it demands a reckoning with one of the nation’s least recognized atrocities: the lynching of thousands of black people in a decades-long campaign of racist terror.

Via The New York Times

At the center is a grim cloister, a walkway with 800 weathered steel columns, all hanging from a roof. Etched on each column is the name of an American county and the people who were lynched there, most listed by name, many simply as “unknown.” The columns meet you first at eye level, like the headstones that lynching victims were rarely given. But as you walk, the floor steadily descends; by the end, the columns are all dangling above, leaving you in the position of the callous spectators in old photographs of public lynchings.

The magnitude of the killing is harrowing, all the more so when paired with the circumstances of individual lynchings, some described in brief summaries along the walk: Parks Banks, lynched in Mississippi in 1922 for carrying a photograph of a white woman; Caleb Gadly, hanged in Kentucky in 1894 for “walking behind the wife of his white employer”; Mary Turner, who after denouncing her husband’s lynching by a rampaging white mob, was hung upside down, burned and then sliced open so that her unborn child fell to the ground.

The Tuskegee Institute records the lynching of 3,436 blacks between 1882 and 1950. This is probably a small percentage of these murders, which were seldom reported, and led to the creation of the NAACP in 1909, an organization dedicated to passing federal anti-lynching laws.

Stonewall Veterans Association Accuse Cynthia Nixon for 'Ripping off gay history' For Campaign Purposes

Stonewall Veterans Association Accuse Cynthia Nixon of ‘Ripping off gay history’ For Campaign Purposes

The Stonewall Veterans Association, which was formed in the aftermath of the Stonewall riots in 1969 by those who fought and were involved in the 4 nights of rioting are insulted that Cynthia Nixon launched her gubernatorial campaign with a fund-raiser at the Stonewall Inn on Wednesday without any recognition of the history or the group that many say started the fight for our civil rights.

Williamson L. Henderson, the Stonewall Veterans Association director has said that Nixon “Is ripping off gay history to promote herself.”

The group which boasts roughly about 40 surviving members of that historic night has been subbed by Nixon before.  At a  2013 campaign event at the Stonewall she stumped for Mayor de Blasio with a dozen Stonewall vets in the front row.

“It’ll be five years in June, they (Nixon and her companions) were on a little stage that was about 2-feet high for show … they never even acknowledged us,” he said. “She was talking about gay rights, gay pride, and there were a dozen of us there. Fast forward to the other night — she doesn’t invite the Stonewall Veterans?”

Nixon, who was 3 years old at the time, also prides herself as an advocate for LGBT rights and spoke about the challenges LGBT people face under the Trump administration at the fundraiser. “Being queer and being visible has been one of the unexpected joys of my life. And I must say, as a community, we’re at a thorny moment in our LGBTQ journey,” she said. We may have repealed Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell and passed marriage equality, but, the sun is not shining equally on all of us. Queer people who are also African-American or Muslim or Latino or working class are being targeted brutally on a daily basis.”

Williamson and the SV’s were further enraged after watching the coverage of Nixon’s event where it was reported supporters who contributed as little as $1 could attend.

Ironically $1 was the same cost of admission to the Stonewall inn in 1969. 

Oh, Miranda.

Gay History – 1976: First Discovered AIDS Cases Found In Zaire, Africa

Most of us set the start date of AIDS with the June 1981 when a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention describing five gay men who had died of a mysterious disease in Los Angeles and more followed in New York City.. When the HIV virus was isolated in 1984 and a test for the virus became available in 1985, several avenues of research opened up to try to figure out where this virus came from. Doctors in Paris and Brussels, who had long been treating wealthy African patients from their former colonies bearing all of the hallmarks of the new disease, pointed to Africa as a possible source for the virus. On February 4, 1988, the New England Journal of Medicine published a report by Dr. Nzila Nzilambi from Kinshasa, Zaire and other doctors from Belgium and the CDC which strongly suggested an African source for the virus, and revealed that AIDS had been a persistent health problem in rural Zaire as early as the mid 1970s.

n 1976, there had been an outbreak of Ebola in the northeastern Zaire along the Congo river. In the course of the medical investigations, hundreds of serum samples were collected from people throughout the area. Those samples remained preserved Zaire and were flown to Atlanta for testing. Investigators then went back in 1986 and collected more samples from as many people as possible, 388 in all. Ninety of them had also been among the 659 samples collected in 1976. Five of the samples from 1976 tested positive for HIV. Two were still alive ten years later; one was healthy, but the other was already showing signs of a suppressed immune system. Three were dead.  Another woman, the wife of one of the two HIV-positive men still alive, “died in 1981 after a long illness associated with fever, weight loss, skin rash, and oral lesions.” Again an apparent death from AIDS. The third was a child who was seven years old in 1976, who “died of pneumonia and weight loss at the age of 16.”

Also, a 47-year old Danish woman who worked as a surgeon in a primitive rural hospital in Zaire in 1972-77  had repeated episodes of diarrhea. In 1976, fatigue, wasting, and universal lymphadenopathy emerged. She patient recalled encountering at least 1 case of Kaposi’s sarcoma in her work in Zaire, where she was likely heavily exposed. She passed away in December 1977.

Risk factors such as homosexuality, bisexuality, and intravenous drug abuse were not present in the histories of any of these 7 individuals. Rather, heterosexual contacts in Central Africa in the early 1970s and earlier was the sole risk factor.

The doctors concluded: “The results of our study showed that HIV infection was already present in an isolated portion of Zaire in 1976 and that the prevalence of infection in the general population there did not change significantly over the 10-year observation period.”

[Source: Box Turtle Bulletin, Nzila Nzilambi, Kevin M. De Cock, Donald N. Forthal, et al. “The prevalence of infection with human immunodeficiency virus over a 10-year period in rural Zaire.” New England Journal of Medicine 318, no. 5 (February 4, 1988): 276-279.]

Stonewall Vet Miss Major: I Did Not See Sylvia Rivera or Marsha Johnson At The Stonewall Inn


Ever since Roland Emmerich’s trailer for his fictionalized re-telling of the Stonewall riots has been released there has been many arguments of white-washing, acts of vandalism and the passing around of folklore as history that is not true.  Much of this centers around trans-activists Sylvia Riveria and Marsha Johnson and their involvement in the actual raid and riots itself.

So far we have heard:  Marsha was in the bar to celebrate her birthday, Marsha was outside the bar and ripped up a parking meter and used it as a battering ram and Marsha threw the first brick.  Whe have heard: Sylvia was inside the bar (even though she was 17 and had no ID),  Sylvia was outside throwing pennies, Sylvia threw the first heel, and so on.

My late uncle Bob Kohler was a Stonewall veteran; he could never actually place either Sylvia or Marsha at the bar. And in light of the recent developments I went to a source that many trans activists cannot dispute Miss Major Griffin-Gracy.  Miss Major is a community leader for transgender rights, with a particular focus on women of color and  serves as the Executive Director for the Transgender GenderVariant Intersex Justice Project and was actually in the Stonewall Inn meeting with a girlfriend when the bar was raided.  In her past interviews I noticed that while mentioning that Sylvia and Marsha were both important figures in LGBT history (which they are) that she never really placed them at the bar itself.  

So I asked Miss Majors straight out.  Were either Sylvia Rivera or Marsha Johnson at the the Stonewall Inn when it was raided or when the riot started? 

Her answer was no.

Miss Majors

Now the Stonewall Inn is not and was not a large bar. And Miss Major has placed Sylvia at a rally afterwards but cannot place her or Marsha at the bar that night or the melee directly afterwards. There is no doubt that both Sylvia and Marsha were involved in the three days of rioting afterwards but no witness has ever been found that place them at the Stonewall Inn at the time of the raid or immediately following the riots.   Even Marsha P. Johnson had said herself many times that she was the one who told Sylvia about the raid after it started and things were well underway. The only person that ever claimed that Sylvia was in the bar was Sylvia herself.  And that was 15 years after the fact and and at a time when she was trying to raise awareness for her group S.T.A.R (Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries). Anyone who is alive today who actually knew Sylvia could tell you that while she had good intentions she was a bit…….”emotional.”

Now both Sylvia and Marsha did a lot for trans street kids and all street kids in general L, G, B, and T and they deserve respect and credit in our history for that.  But the rumors, and folklore must stop.  No individual, no certain group of people started the Stonewall Riots.  It was ALL of us who did.  Gay, Lesbian, Bi, Trans, Straight, Black, White, Hispanic and so on. Everyone took part and honestly those who do try to claim credit or a certain individual and group are just as bad as Roland Emmerich.  

Our history is not well documented and very fragile.  Lets try to keep it truthful and keep personal agendas out of it.


WATCH: CRUISING (1980) Full Movie and The Making of Cruising Documentary – Video

A few days ago on another social media platform I made a post about the 1980 movie “Cruising” directed by Willam Fredkin and starring Al Pacino and the impact that it made upon the LGBT community.  But other than the negative aspects the movie itself is a time capsule of a life and places long gone in NYC in the late 70’s and early 1980’s.

The film loosely based on the novel of the same name, by New York Times reporter Gerald Walker is  about a rookie NYPD cop that goes undercover to bait a homophobic serial killer in the gay leather and  S&M world of New York’s Greenwich Village.

The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (back when they actually had a task) in a letter to the New York Times wrote that “in the context of an anti-homosexual society, a film about violent, sex-obsessed gay men would be seen as a film about all gay people.  The psychosexual dynamic of Cruising is certainly questionable—deliberately so, to some extent—though in chalking up violent homoerotic impulses to unresolved daddy issues, the movie may be a greater insult to the intelligence of psychoanalysts than to the sensibilities of gays.”

Village Voice writer Arthur Bell was the person who raised a call for full out sabotage on the movie writing that Friedkin’s film “promises to be the most oppressive, ugly, bigoted look at homosexuality ever presented on the screen,” he wrote, “the worst possible nightmare of the most uptight straight. I implore readers . . . to give Friedkin and his production crew a terrible time if you spot them in your neighborhoods.” and they did.

Now over 35 years later despite the movies content which today seems schlocky and mediocre at best.  But Crusing is easily the most graphic depiction of the NYC gay sex underground  ever seen in a mainstream movie.  It is also in a way, a documentary of a time and places gone by.

Filmed in such legendary bars as the Ramrod, Anvil, and Eagle’s Nest (The Mineshaft barred Friedkin from the premises ), Cruising is a flashback to a time of  poppers, color-coded pocket hankies, hardcore disco, bathhouses, backrooms, park cruising and yes even Crisco.  It is a visual time capsule back to a part of our history that has been overshadowed by by the plague known as AIDS that would soon to happen after it was made.

Like it or not the movie Crusing is a part of our history and reflects an era of images and memories that is slowly being lost forever and so I present the full movie and The Making Of Cruising documentary below for historical purposes.

Gay News Flashback – New York Times 11/14/1985: “BATHHOUSES REFLECT AIDS CONCERNS”

Reprinted from New York Times 




Attendance has declined at the 10 homosexual bathhouses in New York since the onset of the AIDS epidemic, according to the city’s Department of Health. But some of the owners report that business remains profitable despite mounting public pressure that the baths be closed.

”I’ve gone through my own particular moral crisis with this,” said Bruce Mailman, a homosexual and a Lower East Side real-estate entrepreneur who owns the St. Marks Baths, as well as the Saint, a homosexual discotheque. ”Am I profiting from other people’s misery? I don’t think so. I think I’m running an establishment that handles itself as well as it can under the circumstances.”

Mr. Mailman reports a 50 percent decline in attendance since 1982, while Jim Schwartz, who describes himself as a minority stockholder at the East Side Sauna, one of the city’s smaller bathhouses, said business had declined 25 percent, from nearly 2,000 customers a week to about 1,500.

Neither of the owners was willing to describe his profits in detail but both said that if they were not making money they would close their doors, as five other local bathhouses have done in recent years.

Forums for Education

With nearly 14,000 cases of AIDS reported nationwide, 6,700 in New York, homosexual men are increasingly calling for the closing of the baths, and many are criticizing homosexuals who profit from their operation.

Both Governor Cuomo and Mayor Koch are reconsidering their positions that such places, licensed by the city’s Health Department, are useful forums for educating homosexuals about the sexual practices that spread acquired immune deficiency syndrome, which is usually fatal.

”Because the circumstances have changed, because political opinion makes us bad guys, that doesn’t mean I’m doing something morally incorrect,” said Mr. Mailman. ”In my own terms, my behavior is correct and I’ll do what I believe as long as I can do it.”

At the St. Marks Baths, for the price of a locker or a room, patrons now get a free condom, enclosed in a package that bears the legend ”the contents of this envelope could save your life.”

Complies With Guidelines

To Mr. Mailman, this is evidence that he runs a ”beautifully maintained facility” that the city or state should inspect like a restaurant and only close for specific violations.

”I’m tired of the seamy notion of this,” he said during a recent tour of portions of the St. Marks Baths, at 6 St. Marks Place, off Third Avenue in Greenwich Village. ”It’s quite beautiful, expensive and well done.”

According to dozens of men familiar with bathhouses around the city, only the St. Marks and the East Side Sauna, at 227 East 56th Street, between Third and Second Avenues, are currently in compliance with guidelines drafted by a homosexual group called the Coalition for Sexual Responsibility that were recommended to Governor Cuomo by his AIDS Advisory Council as an alternative to closing the bathhouses. Both baths are owned by homosexuals, which is apparently the exception rather than the rule in a business where owners rarely make their identities known.

Michael Callen, a member of the advisory council and a bathhouse patron until he contracted AIDS, gives credit grudgingly to the bathhouses that comply with the guidelines. The guidelines include the distribution of free condoms and so-called safe-sex literature, the use of high levels of chlorine in swimming pools and the availability of lubricants and soap in individual packages or pump-top dispensers.

”They did it with a gun to their heads,” Mr. Callen said. ”They didn’t do it for the clients.”

A Safe-Sex Pledge

Mr. Mailman and Mr. Schwartz said in separate interviews that they might band together with other owners in legal action should the baths be ordered closed, but would not protest the closing of establishments that failed to abide by the guidelines. ”I’m not going to defend their right to be sloppy,” Mr. Mailman said.

At the St. Marks Baths, patrons also are expected to sign a pledge that they understand and will abide by the safe-sex guidelines, which are largely designed to eliminate the exchange of body fluids during anal intercourse or oral sex, two practices linked to the transmission of AIDS. Patrons and owners say that the vast majority of men are now practicing safe sex, but acknowledge that it is impossible to know for sure what goes on behind the closed doors of the private rooms.

In different ways, both Mr. Schwartz and Mr. Mailman argue that bathhouses are a necessary element of the homosexual lifestyle.

Mr. Schwartz said he viewed the East Side Sauna as ”so much less intimidating than gay bars” and thus a more sympathetic meeting place.

”We do not condone multiple-partner sex,” he said. ”If we found somebody being a real pig, we would ask him to leave, which we’ve done. From a business point of view, we make as much money from one person having sex with one person as one person having sex with 40.”

Baths Called Safer

Mr. Mailman, however, staunchly defends what many consider promiscuous behavior.

”Theoretically,” Mr. Mailman said, ”you could have sex safely with 100 people or unsafely with one. I keep hearing, ‘I’ll cut back; I’ll just go out every six months.’ What good is that if the one time you go out you have unsafe sex? You’re better off in the baths.”

As a rule, bathhouse patrons can choose between a locker, which costs about $7 for eight hours, or a private room, which costs several dollars more. At the East Side Sauna, which occupies parts of three floors in an office building, there is a steam room and sauna, television and video lounges and what is known as ”the group room.”

”How do you say this nicely?” said Mr. Schwartz. ”Basically, it’s an orgy room.”

Increased Lighting

At the St. Marks Baths there is a restaurant, a tiled swimming pool and hot tub, a steam room and sauna, and a room known as ”the dormitory,” where Mr. Mailman said he recently increased the lighting to discourage group sex.

The four-story building on St. Marks Place was a Turkish bath from 1906 until the late 1970’s, when the elderly of the Lower East Side briefly shared the facilities with a nighttime clientele of homosexuals. Those days are long forgotten by Mr. Mailman’s patrons, but an even earlier manifestation of the St. Marks Baths is preserved with a plaque on the building’s brick and aluminum facade.

”On this site,” the plaque reads, ”stood the winter residence from 1834-1836 and the last New York City home of the novelist James FenimoreCooper.”


The St. Marks Baths was closed on December 6th. 1985 after city inspectors at the bathhouse reported seeing 50 acts of ”unsafe sex” involving more than 80 men which violated unsafe, or high-risk, sexual activity as defined in New York State’s newly mandated regulations against sex in business establishment.  

In the court papers, the city emphasized, as it has in the past, that it was seeking not to single out homosexuals but ”to protect the public health.”

Jack Stoddard, a manager of the bathhouse, called the state rules ”very anti-homosexual.”




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