Gay History - April 21, 1966: NYC Gay Rights Activist Stage "Sip-In" Protesting Over Refusal To Serve Homosexuals.

Gay History – April 21, 1966: NYC Gay Rights Activist Stage “Sip-In” Protesting Over Refusal To Serve Homosexuals.

On this date a little-known but a very important milestone in gay history took place at Julius’ bar on West 10th Street in NYC that helped pave the way for the Stonewall uprising and gay rights. 

On April 21, 1966, The Mattachine Society “staged” the first civil rights “sip-in.”

“At the time, being homosexual was in itself seen as a disorder,” said Dick Leitsch, an original member of the group. It was also “illegal” to serve a homosexual liquor by order of the New York State Liquor Authority.

The Mattachine Society activists invited four newspaper reporters along, including Thomas A. Johnson of The New York Times. The plan was to convene at noon at the Ukrainian-American Village Hall, a bar on St. Marks Place. The Times reporter tipped off the owners, who shut the bar for the day.  A sign in the window made the establishment’s attitude clear: “If you are gay, please stay away.”

So the group of men then moved across the street to The Dom, a club that, by night hosted concerts by the Velvet Underground. It had a sign just as unwelcoming as the one at the Ukrainian Hall. The Dom, too, was closed.

After going to a Howard Johnson’s, at Eighth Street and the Avenue of the Americas which served them. The men then advanced to a Mafia-owned tiki bar, The Waikiki. The  amused manager told them: “How do I know you’re homosexuals? Give these guys a drink on us.”

In desperation, the troupe trudged over to Julius’ on West 10th Street.  It was established in 1864 and is now known for being one of the oldest gay bars in New York City “It was a rather dull, neighborhood place which was about three-quarters gay,” said Randy Wicker, 78, who joined the action at that stop. “I called it a closet queen bar.”

The activists knew Julius’ had to refuse them, because the night before, a man who had been served there had later been entrapped by an officer for “gay activity,” meaning the bar was in jeopardy of having its liquor license revoked. As they entered, the men spied a sign that read “Patrons Must Face the Bar While Drinking,” an instruction used to thwart cruising.  

As soon as they approached, the bartender put a glass in front of him. When the men announced they were gay, the bartender put his hand over the glass; it was captured in a photograph by Fred McDarrah for The Village Voice.

The next day’s New York Times featured an article about the event with the headline “3 Deviates Invite Exclusion by Bars.” Two weeks later, a far more sympathetic piece appeared in The Village Voice. The publicity prompted a response from the State Liquor Authority chairman, Donald S. Hostetter, who denied that his organization ever threatened the liquor licenses of bars that served gays. The decision to serve was up to individual bartenders, he said.

At that point, the Commission on Human Rights became involved. It’s chairman, William H. Booth, told The Times in a later article: “We have jurisdiction over discrimination based on sex. Denial of bar service to a homosexual solely for that reason would come within those bounds.”

From that moment on gay men could not be refused service in any New York State Liquor Authority  licensed establishment.

In 2016, Julius Bar was designated as a New York City landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, recognizing its significance as a site of cultural and historical importance.

 It is one of only eleven sites in New York City listed on the National Register specifically for LGBT associations.

The small grill within the bar also makes one helluva cheeseburger .

9 thoughts on “Gay History – April 21, 1966: NYC Gay Rights Activist Stage “Sip-In” Protesting Over Refusal To Serve Homosexuals.

  1. “Patrons Must Face the Bar While Drinking,” an instruction used to thwart cruising. (They enforced that rule well into the 1980’s) – No they didn’t That’s crazy.

  2. Agreed! It was one of the weirdest rules at Julius. Considering that you could sit at tables in the back and finger fuck all you wanted unless you got called out by Fred Lutz,Sr., the owner; or his son who were, imho, pretty pitiable self-hating internalized homophobes! They both were notorious for getting young hustlers drunk in their upstairs apartment above Julius in the 70s -90s while harassing them downstairs in the bar and outside on West 10th Street.

    As for their cheeseburgers, it really depended upon the grill cook and just how old the grease was! But they’re still better than McDonald’s or other franchise crap! Of course, my opinion may be influenced by alcohol?

  3. The bartender in the photo was named Mickey. He was heterosexual. I worked there in 1970 -71 at that time Mr. Chase was the owner and Nick DeCurtis the manager. The first gay bartender was hired that year and he was known as Happy. He was much younger than all of the other bartenders (mid 20’s as opposed to mid 30’s to early 50’s). There were only two cooks one full time, Casey, who worked 5 days a week 12 noon to 10 pm and 1 guy whos name I don’t remember worked on Casey’s days off. The bar itself opened at 9 am and closed between 12 am and 1am Sunday through Thursday and until 2 am or 3 am Friday and Saturday. There were tables with small barrels/ kegs used as seats in the front of the bar by the picture windows as well as the back seating area. I do not recall any instructions that patrons must face the bar at that time I worked there December 1970 – July 1971. It was the only gay bar that I ever knew of in NYC with unionized bartenders.

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