Burned at the Stake, Institutionalized, and Sent to Death Camps: A Brief History of Gay Persecution and Oppression
There has been so much in-fighting in the LGBT community lately about “oppression” and “gay white male privilege” that I think its time for brief gay history refresher course because it seem to be forgotten that the gay male (and lesbian) community has been oppressed, persecuted, and murdered for CENTURIES and still are to this very day and are far from “equal”.
Starting in the 12th century, homosexuals were tortured, castrated, and burned to death on a regular basis in the Christian Church and Christian-controlled States in Europe. The origins of the derogatory term “faggot” (which in full disclosure has been disputed but never proved) lie in the practices of the Inquisition, which bound those accused of homosexuality and piled them as fuel at the feet of those being burned for heresy or witchcraft, since homosexuals were not considered worthy of the dignity of being burned standing up.
In Germany, Paragraph 175 of the German Penal Code was used to arrest, an estimated 100,000 homosexuals between the years of 1933-45. Because the records are incomplete, we will never know exactly how many ended up in the concentration camps or were forced to submit to castration and “hormonal reversal” experiments (presumably to enable them to become “ex-gays”).
Research by Prof Ruediger Lautmann of the University of Bremen shows that of the non-Jewish camp inmates, homosexuals had the highest death rate (53 percent compared to 40.5 percent for political prisoners and 34.7 percent for Jehovah’s Witnesses). Three out of four deaths among gay men occurred within the first year of their internment. Some homosexuals were systematically murdered. Every day at Buchenwald concentration camp, several of the weaker men never returned from the quarry. They were taken aside and shot. For the “entertainment” of the SS guards, and to fulfil liquidation targets, others were given deliberately impossible tasks. Ordered to carry huge rocks, they inevitably collapsed under the immense weight. These men were then marked down for extermination.
Gay prisoners were also subjected to vile medical experiments. At Buchenwald, Nazi doctors claimed to have developed an artificial male sex hormone that would eradicate homosexuality. When it was implanted in gay inmates, however, two died and the rest showed no change in sexual orientation. The doctors nevertheless boasted to the SS chief, Heinrich Himmler, that “this implant, known as 3A, is proven to reverse homosexuality to a normal sex drive”. After the war, these medical abuses were never cited at the Nuremburg Trials and none of the Nazi doctors involved was ever prosecuted.
The Nazi crimes against the gay community must never be forgotten
Unlike other groups imprisoned by the Nazis, when the concentration camps were liberated, homosexuals remained prisoners in the camps–by order of the Allies. Their imprisonment remained part of their police record, and they received no compensation for concentration camp sentences. And, as one historian has written: “Throughout the 1950s and l960s, German courts convicted homosexual men at a rate as high as that of the Nazi regime.”
Until 1950, all but two states classified same-sex relations as a felony, with only murder, kidnapping and rape commanding heavier sentences. Until 1961, every state in the Union had such a law. Ig a gay man was found out and refused to “conform” he would be ostracized by his family, and shipped off to an insane asylum where many were experimented on and some lobotomized.
In the 1970’s the Mormon Church’s “Evergreen” re-education program was exposed as using elector-shock therapy done on gay men and lesbian women in a basement on the Brigham Young University campus to try and get them to stop being gay. This torture went on for 15-20 years and was performed on teen and adult men and women.
And this is just a brief overview I could go on and on. Gay men (and lesbians) for centuries and to this very day are targeted, beaten, tortured and murdered and victims of hate crimes.
And while some groups feel oppressed within our own community by “gay white males” remember that gay males also have been mistreated and oppressed for centuries. You are not alone. But if you keep pushing us away with this hateful rhetoric you might very well find yourself that way.