Today In Gay History – November 11th, 1950: The Mattachine Society Holds It’s First Meeting In Los Angeles
On November 11th, 1950 Harry Hay and a group of Los Angeles friends formed The Mattachine Society, a group to protect and improve the rights of gay men.
Harry Hay conceived of the idea of a “homosexual” activist group in 1948. After signing a petition for Progressive Party presidential candidate Henry A. Wallace. Hay had planned to call this organization “Bachelors Anonymous” and envisioned it serving a similar function and purpose as Alcoholics Anonymous. , Hay wrote the organizing principles that night, a document he referred to as “The Call”. Hay met Rudi Gernreich in July 1950. The two became lovers, and Hay showed Gernreich The Call. Gernreich, declared that the document “the most dangerous thing [he had] ever read”, and became an enthusiastic financial supporter of the venture, although he did not lend his name to it going instead by the initial “R”.
Finally on November 11th, 1950, Hay, along with Gernreich and friends Dale Jennings and lovers Bob Hull and Chuck Rowland, held the first meeting of the Mattachine Society in Los Angeles, at Hay’s apartment under the name Society of Fools. James Gruber and Konrad Stevens joined the Society in April 1951 and are generally considered to be original members. Also that month the group changed its name to Mattachine Society, a name suggested by Gruber and chosen by Hay, after Medieval French secret societies of masked men who, through their anonymity, were empowered to criticize ruling monarchs with impunity.
The Mattachine Society existed as a single national organization headquartered first in Los Angeles and then, beginning around 1956, in San Francisco. Outside of Los Angeles and San Francisco, chapters were established in New York, Washington, D.C., Chicago, and other locales.
In 1963 Congressman John Dowdy introduced a bill which resulted in congressional hearings to revoke the license for solicitation of funds of the Mattachine Society of Washington; the license was not revoked.
During the 1960s, the various unaffiliated Mattachine Societies, especially the Mattachine Society in San Francisco and the Mattachine Society of New York, were among the foremost gay rights groups in the United States, but beginning in the middle 1960s and, especially, following the Stonewall riots of 1969, they began increasingly to be seen as too traditional, and not willing enough to be confrontational.
Learn more about The Mattachine Society by CLICKING HERE.